Refereed Journal Articles Submitted | In Review | In Revision

(61) Pierce, C.E., Psarska, S., Stewart, B.D., Oleheiser, K., Griffiths, N.A., Gutknecht, J.A., Sebestyen, S.D., Kolka, R.K., Nater, E.A., Toner, B.M. (in review) Whole-Ecosystem Climate Manipulation Effects on Total Mercury within a Boreal Peatland. Biogeochemistry.

Refereed Journal Articles Accepted | Published


(60) Stewart, B.D., Nicholas, S.L., Bone, S.E., Tappero, R., Eger, P., Sheik, C.S. and Toner, B.M. (2022) A low input strategy for chromium removal from industrial stormwater using peat sorbent. Journal of Environmental Quality, DOI:10.1002/jeq2.20397

(59) Dowd, W.S.D., Schuler, C.J., Santelli, C.M., Toner, B.M., Sheik, C.S., Pehr, K., and McDermott, J.M. (2022) Potential energy sources for the deep continental biosphere in isolated anoxic brines. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 595, DOI:10.1016/j.epsl.2022.117720

(58) German, C.R., Blackman, D.K., Fisher, A.T., Girguis, P.R., Hand, K.P., Hoehler, T.M., Huber, J.A., Marshall, J.C., Pietro, K.R., Seewald, J.S., Shock, E.L., Sotin, C., Thurnherr, A.M., Toner, B.M. (2022) Ocean system science to inform the exploration of ocean worlds. Oceanography DOI:10.5670/oceanog.2021.411  

(57) Jones, R., Nicholas, S.L., Northrup, P., Bostick, B.C., Hoffman, C.L., Hu, W., Lam, P.J., Leri, A., Northrup, P., Toner, B.M., and Twining, B.S. (2022) Characterization and Speciation of Marine Materials using Synchrotron Probes; Guidelines for New Users. Oceanography DOI:10.5670/oceanog.2022.207

(56) Soares, A., Edwards, A.B., An, D., Bagnoud, A., Bradley, J., Barnhart, E., Bomberg, M., Budwill, K., Caffrey, S.M., Fields, M., Gralnick, J.A., Kadnikov, V., Momper, L.M., Osburn, M.R., Mu, A., Moreau, J.W., Moser, D.P., Purkamo, L., Rassner, S.M., Sheik, C.S., Sherwood Lollar, B., Toner, B.M., Voordouw, G., Wouters, K. and Mitchell, A.C. (accepted) A global perspective on bacterial diversity in the terrestrial deep subsurface. Microbiology.

(55) Wang, X., Wackett, A. A., Toner, B. M., and Yoo, K. (2022).  Consistent Mineral-Associated Organic Carbon Chemistry with Variable Erosion Rates in a Mountainous Landscape. Geoderma DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2021.115448

(54) Schuler, C.J., Briscoe, L.J., Alexander, S.C., Alexander, E.C., Jr, Gralnick, J.A., Santelli, C.M. and Toner, B.M. (2022) Water and Rock Chemistry Inform Our Understanding of the Deep Biosphere: Case Study in an Archaean Banded Iron Formation. Frontiers in Earth Science. doi:10.3389/feart.2022.803250

(53) Pierce, C.E., Furman, O.S., Nicholas, S.L., Wasik, J.K.C., Gionfriddo, C.M., Wymore, A.M., Sebestyen, S.D., Kolka, R.K., Mitchell, C.P.J., Griffiths, N.A., Elias, D.A., Nater, E.A. and Toner, B.M. (2022) Role of ester sulfate and organic disulfide in mercury methylation in peat soils. Environmental Science & Technology, DOI:10.1021/acs.est.1c04662


(52) Sheik, C.S., Badalamenti, J., Telling, J., Hsu, D., Alexander, S.C., Bond, D.R., Gralnick, J.A., Sherwood Lollar, B. and Toner, B.M. (2021) Novel microbial groups drive productivity in an Archean Iron formation. Frontiers in Microbiology - Microbiological Chemistry and Geomicrobiology: 12. DOI:10.3389/fmicb.2021.627595

(51) Stewart, B.D., Sorensen, J.V., Wendt, K., Sylvan, J.B., German, C.R., Anantharaman, K., Dick, G.J., Breier, J.A. and Toner, B.M. (2021) A multi-modal approach to unpacking iron biogeochemical processes in buoyant hydrothermal plumes. Chemical Geology: 560. DOI: 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2020.120018


(50) Hoffman, C.L., Schladweiler, C., Seaton, N., Nicholas, S.L., Fitzsimmons, J.N., Sherrell, R.M., German, C.R., Lam, P.J. and Toner, B.M. (accepted) Diagnostic morphology and solid-state chemical speciation of hydrothermally derived particulate Fe in a long-range dispersing plume.  ACS Earth and Space Chemistry: 4, 1831-1842. DOI:10.1021/acsearthspacechem.0c00067

(49) Zhou, Z., Liu, Y., Pan, J., Cron, B.R., Toner, B.M., Anantharaman, K., Breier, J.A., Dick, G.J. and Li, M. (2020) Gammaproteobacteria mediating utilization of methyl-, sulfur- and petroleum organic compounds in deep ocean hydrothermal plumes. ISME J. DOI:10.1038/s41396-020-00745-5

(48) Cron, B.R., Sheik, C.S., Kafantaris, F.-C.A., Druschel, G.K., Seewald, J.S., German, C.R., Dick, G.J., Breier, J.A. and Toner, B.M. (2020) Dynamic Biogeochemistry of the Particulate Sulfur Pool in a Buoyant Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Plume. ACS Earth and Space Chemistry 4, 168-182.

(47) Sorensen, J.V., Gueguen, B., Stewart, B., Pena, J., Rouxel, O. and Toner, B.M. (2020) Large Nickel Isotope Fractionation Caused by Surface Complexation Reactions with Hexagonal Birnessite. Chemical Geology 537, 1-13.


(46) Wang, X., Toner, B.M. and Yoo, K. (2019) Mineral vs. organic matter supply as a limiting factor for the formation of mineral-associated organic matter in forest and agricultural soils. Science of the Total Environment 692, 344-353. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2019.07.219

(45) Wang, X., Jelinski, N. A., Toner, B. M., Yoo, K. (2019) Long-term agricultural management and erosion change soil organic matter chemistry and association with minerals. Science of the Total Environment 648, 1500-1510. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.08.110


(44) Marcus, M. A., Toner, B. M., and Takahashi, Y. (2018). Forms and distribution of Ce in a ferromanganese nodule. Marine Chemistry 202, 58-66.

(43) Hoffman, C. L., Nicholas, S. L., Ohnemus, D. C., Fitzsimmons, J. N., Sherrell, R. M., German, C. R., Lee, J.-M., Lam, P. J., and Toner, B. M. (2018). Near-field iron and carbon chemistry of non-buoyant hydrothermal plume particles, Southern East Pacific Rise 15oS. Marine Chemistry: 201, 183-197.

(42) Gueguen, B., Sorensen, J.V., Lalonde, S.V., Pena, J., Toner, B.M. and Rouxel, O. (2018) Variable Ni isotope fractionation between Fe-oxyhydroxides and implications for the use of Ni isotopes as geochemical tracers. Chemical Geology 481, 38-52.

(41) Rouxel, O. J., Toner, B. M., German, Y., and Glazer, B. T. (2018). Geochemical and iron isotopic insights into hydrothermal iron oxyhydroxide deposit formation at Loihi Seamount. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 220, 449-482.


(40) Nicholas, S. L., Erickson, M. L., Woodruff, L. G., Knaeble, A. R., Marcus, M. A., Lynch, J. K., and Toner, B. M., (2017). Solid-phase arsenic speciation in aquifer sediments: a micro-X-ray absorption spectroscopy approach for quantifying trace-level speciation. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 211, 228-255.

(39) Heller, M. I., Lam, P. J., Moffett, J. W., Till, C. P., Lee, J.-M., Toner, B. M., and Marcus, M. A. (2017). Accumulation of Fe oxides in the Peruvian oxygen deficient zone implies non-oxygen dependent Fe oxidation. Geochim Cosmochim Acta, 211, 174-193.

(38) Fitzsimmons, J. N., John, S. G., Marsay, C. M., Hoffman, C. L., Nicholas, S. L., Toner, B. M., German, C. R., and Sherrell, R. M. 2017. Dissolved-particulate exchange supports persistent iron in a distal hydrothermal plume. Nature Geoscience, 10, 195-201.

(37) Barco, R. A., Hoffman, C. L., Ramirez, G. A., Toner, B. M., Edwards, K. J., and Sylvan, J. B. (submitted). In-situ incubation of iron-sulfur mineral reveals a diverse chemolithoautotrophic community and a new biogeochemical role for Thiomicrospira. Environmental Microbiology. doi:10.1111/1462-2920.13666.

(36) Levar, C. E., Hoffman, C. L., Dunshee, A. J., Toner, B. M., and Bond, D. R., 2017. Redox potential as a master variable controlling pathways of metal reduction by Geobacter sulfurreducens. International Society of Microbial Ecology (ISME) Journal doi:10.1038/ismej.2016.146.

(35) Strehlau, J., Toner, B. M., Arnold, W. A., and Penn, L. R., 2017. Accessible reactive surface area and abiotic redox reactivity of iron oxyhydroxides in acidic brines. Geochemica et Cosmochimica Acta 197, 345-355.


(34) Ramirez, G. A., Hoffman, C. L., Lee, M. D., Lesniewski, R. A., Barco, R. A., Garber, A., Toner, B. M., Wheat, C. G., Edwards, K. J., and Orcutt, B. N., 2016. Assessing Marine Microbial Induced Corrosion at Santa Catalina Island, California. Frontiers in Microbiology - Microbiological Chemistry and Geomicrobiology.

(33) Rouxel, O. J., Toner, B. M., Manganini, S. J., and German, C. R., 2016. Geochemistry and Iron Isotope Systematics of Hydrothermal Plume Fall-out at East Pacific Rise 9°50’N Chemical Geology 441, 212-234.

(32) Toner, B. M., Rouxel, O. J., Santelli, C. M., Bach, W., and Edwards, K. J. (2016) Iron oxidation pathways and redox micro-environments in seafloor sulfide-mineral deposits: spatially resolved Fe XAS and d57/54Fe observations. Frontiers in Microbiology - Extreme Microbiology, doi:10.3389/fmicb.2016.00648.

(31) Baquiran, J.-P. M., Ramirez, G. A., Haddad, A. G., Toner, B. M., Hulme, S., Wheat, C. G., Edwards, K. J., and Orcutt, B. N. (2016). Assessing mineral colonization by subsurface crustal microorganisms using Juan de Fuca Ridge flank seafloor observatories. Frontiers in Microbiology - Extreme Microbiology,

(30) Toner, B. M., German, C. R., Dick, G. J., and Breier, J. A. (2016) Deciphering the Complex Chemistry of Deep-Ocean Particles using Complementary Synchrotron X-ray Microscope and Microprobe Instruments. Accounts of Chemical Research, doi:10.1021/acs.accounts.5b00282.


(29) Marcus, M. A., Edwards, K. J., Gueguen, B., Fakra, S. C., Horn, G., Jelinski, N., Rouxel, O., Sorensen, J., and Toner, B. M. (2015) Iron mineral structure, reactivity, and isotopic composition in a South Pacific Gyre ferromanganese nodule over 4 Ma. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 171, 61-79.

(28) Sylvan, J.B., Hoffman, C.L., Momper, L.M., Toner, B.M., Amend, J.P., Edwards, K.J. (2015) Bacillus rigiliprofundus sp. nov., a spore forming, Mn-oxidizing, halotolerant bacterium isolated from deep subseafloor basaltic crust. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (IJSEM), doi:10.1099/ijs.0.000211.

(27) Reed, D. C., Breier, J. A., Jiang, H., Anantharaman, K., Klausmeier, C. A., Toner, B. M., Hancock, C., Speer, K., Thurnherr, A. M., and Dick, G. J. Predicting the response of the deep-ocean microbiome to geochemical perturbations by hydrothermal vents. International Society of Microbial Ecology Journal (ISME J), doi: 10.1038/ismej.2015.4.


(26) Breier, J. A., Gomez-Ibanez, D., Sayre-McCord, R. T., Rauch, C. G., Coleman, M. L., Bennett, S. A., Cron, B. R., Sheik, C. S., German, C. R., Toner, B. M., and Dick, G. J., 2014. A large volume particulate and water multi-sampler with in situ preservation for microbial and biogeochemical studies. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 94, 195-206.

(25) Anantharaman, K., Duhaime, M. B., Breier, J. A., Wendt, K., Toner, B. M., and Dick, G. J., accepted. Sulfur oxidation genes in diverse deep-sea viruses. Science. doi:10.1126/science.1252229.

(24) Li, M., Toner, B. M., Baker, B. J., Breier, J. A., Sheik, C. S., and Dick, G. J., 2014. Microbial iron uptake as a mechanism for dispersing iron from deep-sea hydrothermal vents. Nature Communications. doi:10.1038/ncomms4192.

(23) Ash, P. W., Boyd, D. A., Hyde, T. I., Keating, J. L., Randlshofer, G., Rothenbacher, K., Sankar, G., Schauer, J. J., Shafer, M. M., and Toner, B. M., 2014. Local structure and speciation of platinum in fresh and road aged North American sourced vehicle emissions catalysts: an X-ray absorption spectroscopic study. Environmental Science & Technology 48, 3658–3665.

(22) Bennett, S. A., Toner, B. M., Barco, R., and Edwards, K. J., 2014. Carbon adsorption by Fe oxyhydroxide stalks produced by a lithotrophic iron-oxidizing bacteria. Geobiology. doi:10.1111/gbi.12074.

(21) Toner, B. M., Nicholas, S. L., and Coleman Wasik, J. K., 2014. Scaling up: Fulfilling the promise of X-ray microprobe for biogeochemical research. Environmental Chemistry, 11: 4-9.


(20) Zeng, T., Arnold, W. A., and Toner, B. M., 2013. Microscale characterization of sulfur speciation in lake sediments. Environmental Science & Technology 47, 1287-1296.

(19) Toner, B. M., Lesniewski, R. A., Marlow, J. J., Briscoe, L. J., Santelli, C. M., Bach, W., Orcutt, B. N., and Edwards, K. J., 2013. Mineralogy drives bacterial biogeography of hydrothermally inactive seafloor sulfide deposits. Geomicrobiol. J. 30, 313-326.

(18) Sylvan, J. B., Sia, T. Y., Haddad, A. G., Briscoe, L. J., Toner, B. M., Girguis, P. R., and Edwards, K. J., 2013. Low temperature geomicrobiology follows host rock composition along a geochemical gradient in Lau Basin. Frontiers in Microbiology 4, 1-16.


(17) Breier, J. A., Toner, B. M., Fakra, S. C., Marcus, M. A., White, S. N., Thurnherr, A. M., and German, C. R., 2012. Sulfur, sulfides, oxides and organic matter aggregated in submarine hydrothermal plumes at 9° 50' N East Pacific Rise. Geochim Cosmochim Acta 88, 216-236.

(16) Toner, B. M., Berquo, T. S., Michel, F. M., Sorensen, J. V., Templeton, A. S., and Edwards, K. J., 2012. Mineralogy of iron microbial mats from Loihi Seamount. Frontiers in Microbiology - Microbiological Chemistry 3, 1-18.

(15) Toner, B. M., Marcus, M. A., Edwards, K. J., Rouxel, O., and German, C. R., 2012. Measuring the Form of Iron in Hydrothermal Plume Particles. Oceanography 25, 209-212.

(14) Holden, J. F., Breier, J. A., Rogers, K. L., Schulte, M. D., and Toner, B. M., 2012. Biogeochemical Processes at Hydrothermal Vents: Microbes and Minerals, Bioenergetics and Carbon Fluxes. Oceanography 25, 196-208.

(13) Sylvan, J. B., Toner, B. M., and Edwards, K. J., 2012. Life and death of deep-sea vents: Bacterial diversity and ecosystem succession on inactive hydrothermal sulfides. mBio 3, 1-12.


(12) Shafer, M. M., Toner, B. M., Overdier, J., Schauer, J. J., Fakra, S. C., Hu, S., Herner, J. D., and Ayala, A., 2011. Chemical speciation of vanadium in particulate matter emitted from diesel vehicles and urban atmospheric aerosols. Environmental Science & Technology 46, 189-195.

(11) Edwards, K. J., Glazer, B. T., Rouxel, O. J., Bach, W., Emerson, D., Davis, R. E., Toner, B. M., Chan, C. S., Tebo, B. M., Staudigel, H., and Moyer, C. L., 2011. Ultra-diffuse hydrothermal venting supports Fe-oxidizing bacteria and massive umber deposition at 5000 off Hawaii. International Society of Microbial Ecology (ISME) Journal, 5, 1-11.

(10) Orcutt, B. N., Bach, W., Becker, K., Fisher, A. T., Hentscher, M., Toner, B. M., Wheat, C. G., and Edwards, K. J., 2010. Colonization of subsurface microbial observatories deployed in young ocean crust. International Society of Microbial Ecology (ISME) Journal, 4, 1-12.

(9) Toner, B. M., Fakra, S. C., Manganini, S. J., Santelli, C. M., Marcus, M. A., Moffett, J. W., Rouxel, O., German, C. R., and Edwards, K. J., 2009. Preservation of Iron(II) by Carbon-Rich Matrices in Hydrothermal Plumes. Nature Geoscience 2, 197-201.

(8) Breier, J. A., Rauch, C. G., McCartney, K., Toner, B. M., Fakra, S. C., White, S. N., and German, C. R., 2009. A suspended-particle rosette multi-sampler for discrete biogeochemical sampling in low-particle-density waters. Deep-Sea Research Part I-Oceanographic Research Papers 56, 1579-1589.

(7) Toner, B. M., Santelli, C. M., Marcus, M. A., Wirth, R., Chan, C. S., McCollom, T. M., Bach, W., and Edwards, K. J., 2009. Biogenic iron oxide formation at Mid-Ocean Ridge hydrothermal vents: Juan de Fuca Ridge. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 73, 388-403.


(6) Toner, B., Manceau, A., Webb, S. M., and Sposito, G., 2006. Zinc sorption to biogenic hexagonal-birnessite particles within a hydrated bacterial biofilm. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 70, 27-43.

(5) Villalobos, M., Lanson, B., Manceau, A., Toner, B., and Sposito, G., 2006. Structural model for the biogenic Mn oxide produced by Pseudomonas putida. American Mineralogist, 91, 489-502.

(4) Toner, B., Fakra, S., Villalobos, M., Warwick, T., and Sposito, G., 2005. Spatially resolved characterization of biogenic manganese oxide production within the biofilm of Pseudomonas putida strain MnB1. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 71, 1300-1310.

(3) Toner, B., Manceau, A., Marcus, M. A., Millet, D. B., and Sposito, G., 2005. Zn sorption by a bacterial biofilm. Environ Sci Technol 39, 8288-8294.

(2) Toner, B. and Sposito, G., 2005. Reductive dissolution of biogenic manganese oxides in the presence of a hydrated biofilm. Geomicrobiol. J. 22, 171-180.

(1) Villalobos, M., Toner, B., Bargar, J., and Sposito, G., 2003. Characterization of the manganese oxide produced by Pseudomonas putida strain MnB1. Geochim. Cosmochim. Acta 67, 2649-2662.

Articles for the Public

(1) Toner, B. M., Nicholas, S. L., Briscoe, L. J., Knaeble, A. R., Berg, J. A., and Erickson, M. L., 2011. Natural sources of arsenic to Minnesota groundwater. CURA Reporter 41, 3-10. [Peer reviewed]